Current situation of benefits and socio-professional inclusion of disabled people in Lebanon
Prof Khalil GHOUSSOUBa, Ms Maya MOUSSAa, Mr Wadih NASSOURa, Ms Rime EL HAGEa, Dr Toni IBRAHIMa, Dr Ali MOUSTAPHAb
a CHU Hotel Dieu de France, b Clinique Saint-Roch -France
Objective. The aim is to study the conditions of care for disabled patients in Lebanon, their socio-professional inclusion and the psycho-socio-demographic factors hindering their inclusion.
Method. Prospective descriptive study of 40 Lebanese diasabled people aged over 18 years. A grid analysis of demographic factors, financial sources, diagnosis, third party payers, administrative recognition of health problems and the impact on rehabilitation. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS logiciel Version 18.
Results. Male predominant 80%. Age: 67.5% between 19-65 years. Location: 12.5% in the public sector, 50% in the private and 37.5% return to their old job. Social coverage: 80% have no coverage, 12.5% from the National Fund for Social Security. No allowance for people with disabilities or guaranteed minimum resources.Professional reassignment 83.3 %. Arrangement of the workstation 16.7 %, mobility aid 20.8%, access to the toilet 7.5%. None has benefited from a remodeling of working time or travel assistance.
Conclusion. Barriers to disability rights in Lebanon are deeply rooted in the education system, social welfare and labor market structures, whatever the advanced laws. Frail supports offered by the Ministry of Social Affairs are not sufficient to provide opportunities for people with disabilities and education needed to access jobs.
Keywords : Disability, social inclusion, difficulties